WEB DESIGN / WEB DEVELOPMENT / SOCIAL MEDIA

DIGITAL TEAM


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01

WHAT WE DO


WEB MARKETING


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UI & UX DESIGN


Digital Team is free responsive Bootstrap v3.3.5 layout from Tooplate. Images are from Pixabay free photo website.

ECOMMERCE


You can edit and use this template for your websites. Please tell your friends about Tooplate. Thank you for visiting our website.

MOBILE APP


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SOCIAL MEDIA


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RESPONSIVE LAYOUT


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02

OUR AGENCY


about img

DIGITAL TEAM

Best Design Agency from California

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03

TALENTED TEAM


1235年6月,蒙古大汗窝阔台派遣两路大军南下,自此揭开了宋蒙之间长达四十多年的战争。在此期间,南宋涌现出许多位名将,其中有一位力挽狂澜,抗击蒙古大军三十多年,战功显赫,堪称是南宋的最后的名将。不过此人晚年却铸成大错,毁掉了南宋王朝,这到底是怎么一回事呢?

此人名叫吕文德,出身一介平民,原本以打柴为生,不过他“魁悟勇悍”,于是得以从军。吕文德因作战勇敢,屡立战功,到1237年被任命为池州都统制,他之后又奉命驰援安丰,击退蒙古大军。在此期间,吕文德组织了一支自己的嫡系军队,由他的亲族及家乡樵夫、炭农等组成,人称“吕家军”,也称为“黑炭团”。

吕文德率军一直活跃在淮西战场上,多次击败蒙古大军,崭露头角,到1244年他被任命为淮西招抚使,兼知濠州,节制濠、安丰、寿、亳四州的军队。几年后,吕文德又因战功,被提拔为侍卫马军都指挥使。随着战局的变化,吕文德于1251年被调入京湖战区,几年后他又被调入四川,并参加了钓鱼城之战。总而言之,南宋哪里出现危险,就会把吕文德调到哪里!

1259年,忽必烈率军北撤,战争告一段落,南宋朝廷下诏褒奖吕文德的战功,“吕文德援蜀之赏未足酬功,今援鄂之勋尤为显著,特赐百万,良田万顷。”至此应该说,吕文德大概是当时南宋朝廷的第一名将,他被调往京湖地区,负责防守襄阳地区。吕文德虽然战功赫赫,但人品却不怎么样,他贪污腐化,向权相贾似道谄媚。

更重要的是,吕文德在镇守襄阳期间,犯了两个致命错误!其一,吕文德借重家族的力量,排斥外来的将领,因此与刘整结怨。当时刘整的功绩很大,但遭到了吕文德的打压,无奈之下刘整只好投降蒙古,成为蒙古大军南下的“急先锋”。应该说吕文德逼反刘整,对南宋的影响很大,直接造成了第二个失误。

忽必烈接受降将刘整的建议,提出在襄阳城外设置榷场,进行贸易活动,实际上这是他们的计策,妄图以经济活动为掩饰,进行军事行动。结果吕文德居然同意建立榷场。蒙古大军趁机在鹿门山修筑堡垒,用来阻宋军的援军。当吕文德发现蒙古人的计划时,其堡垒已经修筑完成,吕文德非常后悔,叹息道:“误国家者,我也!”

1268年,蒙古大军再度南下,重兵包围了襄阳城。第二年,吕文德“以许蒙古置榷场为恨”,导致“疽发背”,被迫致仕。当吕文德病重的消息传出后,整个南宋朝廷内外都陷入了恐惧之中,“中外为之忧惧”,人们认为唯有吕文德能够挽救南宋朝廷。同年十二月,吕文德病死。

吕文德虽死,但他的吕家军依然在战斗,直到1273年,襄阳兵尽粮绝,守将吕文焕(吕文德的堂弟)被迫投降,至此吕文德家族后裔,除了吕文信战死外,全部投降元朝。随着吕家军的投降,南宋王朝土崩瓦解,很快覆灭。吕文德是南宋的功臣,但最终还是成为南宋的罪人!

参考资料:1.《宋史》;2.《宋季三朝政要》;3.《续资治通鉴》;4.《癸辛杂识》

来源:百家号      日期:18-09-20

04

OUR PORTFOLIO


05

OUR PRICING


BASIC

$150 per year

  • 100 GB Cloud Storage
  • 5 Pro Websites
  • 10 Secured Emails
  • 24-hour Support

BUSINESS

$260 per year

  • 200 GB Cloud Storage
  • 10 Pro Websites
  • 20 Secured Emails
  • 30-Minute Support

PROFESSIONAL

$380 per year

  • 500 GB Cloud Storage
  • 20 Pro Websites
  • 40 Secured Emails
  • Live Support
06

CONTACT US


CONTACT INFO

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EMAIL

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PHONES

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